The establishment of WHOIS can be traced back to 1982 when a protocol for a directory service for ARPANET users by Internet Engineering Task Force was published. Being a vital resource today for the activation and proper identification for many who choose to run, maintain and possess their domain name and websites for many major companies, businesses and organizations. Many individual usages can be utilized by this service, as well creating the possibilities of personal, and public blog applications for viewers and participant involvement.
Everyday there are over a thousand domain names being occupied by people from all over the world. In order to occupy or reserve a domain name, however, the occupant has to register with identification and other personal information. The information that is provided is not managed by a central database or single company. The information, which is known as WHOIS, is managed by independent entities known as registrars, otherwise referred to as registries.
In order for any entity to raise to the level of a registrar, it must first earn accreditation from ICANN, registering under contract to operate a top level domain generic such as .com and .org in order for anyone to utilize the WHOIS protocol to search and identify in their databases the registrant name holder. This is a possibility because all registrars are required to provide public access to data on the registered domain names.
When a domain name is registered, you must provide your registrar with accurate contact details that are both correct and reliable. During the term of the registered period you are required to update any contact detail promptly as it changes, this is an obligation of the registration agreement. Giving the wrong information on purpose or failure to update hastily if changes occur, you risk the suspension and/or cancellation of your registered domain name. This is also the result if you do not respond to inquiries on the accuracy and reliability of your documented contact data by your registrar. With this being said, the registrants play a very vital role in the assurance of accuracy of WHOIS, and as a registrant you are required to hold steady to the terms throughout your registration period.
Knowing very little about what kind of progress will be achieved in the registration of internet domain names and registrars, we can only expect great things from the actions and involvement of WHOIS into the regular functions of our technological lives. The ICANN services seek to further back this process as a vital key in the safety and maintenance of the WHOIS data and all those who seek to procure a domain name and focus on using generic top level domain names such as .com, .org and any others that are in the making, or yet to become as popular. With the re-invention of this system setup launched in 2012 with a strategy that is two-pronged to accept the recommendations suggested by the WHOIS RT, we can only expect greater heights to be achieved.